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大邦之夢——吳越楚玉器·青瓷展覽

展覽時間: 2019年6月18日(周二) - 8月18日(周日) 展覽地點: 負一層特展廳、一層爭伯春秋展廳 策展人: 程義

西周初,太伯、仲雍奔吳,至十九世壽夢立,習用兵乘車,吳始益大,稱王。再經諸樊、余祭、余眜、僚幾代吳王苦心經營,吳國漸成春秋重要方國。及于闔閭,吳重筑都城,是為蘇州城之源。

吳楚之爭自壽夢始,互有征伐,吳越結怨也因吳楚相爭而起之。直至公元前473年,勾踐臥薪嘗膽后卷土重來,復圍姑蘇山,夫差自剄,吳國遂亡。越滅吳后,雖會齊、宋、晉、魯等諸侯于徐州,然不能正江、淮北。楚漸東侵,廣地至泗上。公元前333年,楚威王興兵東伐,殺越王無疆,越國覆亡。又歷百年,楚益衰,公元前223年,秦將王翦、蒙武破楚,虜楚王負芻。吳、越、楚的大邦之夢,終歸于秦。

千年已逝,滄海桑田。大邦之夢雖遠去,故國舊物可重歸。作為蘇州地區文物收藏、保護、研究、展示、教育的中心,蘇州博物館多年來一直致力于吳國青銅器、原始瓷、玉器的收藏與研究。值此蘇州博物館建館六十周年,在浙江省文物考古研究所等十三家文博機構的支持下,舉辦“大邦之夢——吳越楚玉器·青瓷”特展,是繼2017年度“大邦之夢——吳越楚青銅器”展覽后的系列學術展。

近三百余件玉器和原始瓷精品匯聚于蘇州博物館,集中展示春秋戰國那段崢嶸歲月,展覽共分“禮尚往來”、“樂享天籟” 、“工藝融合”、“瑞玉為信”、“美玉為禮”、“巧玉為飾”、“工玉為器”等八部分,希望能為大家重構吳、越、楚“大邦之夢”的文化內涵與融合歷程,期待進一步推動吳、越、楚文化的交流和學術研究。

在此,特別感謝浙江省文物考古研究所、杭州博物館、杭州市余杭博物館、德清縣博物館、長興縣博物館、紹興市柯橋區博物館、安徽博物院、安徽省文物考古研究所、蚌埠市博物館、舒城縣文物管理所、荊州博物館、蘇州市考古研究所、吳中區文物管理委員會辦公室的鼎力支持!

是為序。


陳瑞近

蘇州博物館館長

進入展廳


Preface

 

In the early Western Zhou dynasty, two princes, Taibo and Zhongyong, built the Wu Kingdom. The nineteenth king of Wu Kingdom, Shoumeng, advocated militarism and made Wu Kingdom strong in the region. Later, after the painstaking efforts of several kings, it gradually became an important power in the Spring and Autumn period. The Kingdom came to its summit under the reign of King Helv, who appointed to rebuild the city. This was considered to be the origin of Suzhou.

 

The battle between Wu and Chu Kingdom started from King Shoumeng, when they fought against each other and hatred spread. In 473 B.C., King Goujian of Yue Kingdom, who had once been defeated by King Fuchai of Wu Kingdom, resumed his territory. King Fuchai committed suicide and Wu Kingdom broke down. After that, though Yue Kingdom formed alliances with Qi, Song, Jin and Lu Kingdom in Xuzhou, it still failed to unite north of the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River. Chu Kingdom gradually expanded its territory towards the east, and finally to the north of Sihe River, located in Shandong Province. In 333 B.C., King of Chu launched a war in the east, in which Yue Kingdom perished. After about a hundred years, Chu Kingdom became weaker. In 223 B.C., General Wang Jian and General Meng Wu of Qin Kingdom defeated Chu Kingdom and seized the King Fuchu. Finally, the dreams of Wu, Yue and Chu Kingdom were disillusioned and Qin Kingdom established the first empire in Chinese history.

 

One thousand years have passed, and great changes have taken place. Though the kingdoms have vanished, they have left many relics. As the center of relic collection, protection, research, demonstration and education, Suzhou Museum has been committed to the collection and research of Wu bronzes, proto-porcelain and jades for years. To celebrate the 60th anniversary of Suzhou Museum, we host this exhibition with thirteen cultural institutions’ support, a continuation of the 2017 academic exhibition on Wu, Yue and Chu bronzes.

 

Nearly three hundred selected jades and proto-porcelain wares gather in Suzhou Museum to showcase the unusual days in the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period. We divide this exhibition into eight parts, in hope of reviving the cultural connotation and historic development of Wu, Yue and Chu Kingdoms and promoting the academic exchanges and research of their culture.

 

Special thanks go to Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Hangzhou Museum, Chiangnan Waterery Region Culture Museum, Deqing Museum, Changxing Museum, Keqiao District Museum of Shaoxing, Anhui Provincial Museum, Anhui Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Bengbu Museum, Shucheng Cultural Relics Management Institute, Jingzhou Museum, Suzhou Institute of Archaeology, Office of Cultural Relics Management Committee of Wuzhong District.

 

The above serves as the preface.

 

Chen Ruijin

Director of Suzhou Museum


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